Following skin cancer, breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer among American women. That can occur in both men and women, but it is more common in women. Breast cancer symptoms vary from person to person. Some people have no signs or symptoms. By the proper treatment can prevent breast cancer and its symptoms.
However, breast cancer is a disease in which the growth of breast cancer cells cannot be controlled. There are different types. The type of breast cancer depends on which cells in the breast cancer get cancer.
Breast cancer symptoms vary from person to person. Some people have no signs or symptoms.
Breast cancer knowledge and extensive research funding can help advance the diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer. It is survival rising and the number of deaths associated with the disease is steadily declining. This is primarily due to factors such as early detection, new personalized treatments, and a better understanding of the disease can prevent breast cancer and symptoms.
Types of breast cancers
- Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS)
- Inflammatory breast cancer
- Invasive lobular carcinoma
- Lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS)
- Male breast cancer
- Paget’s disease of the breast
- Recurrent breast cancer
Symptoms in breast cancer
- The signs and symptoms of breast cancer include:
- Breast lumps and thickening that feel different from the surrounding tissue
- Changes in breast size, shape, or appearance
- Nipples just flipped
- Exfoliation, exfoliation, abrasions, or exfoliation of pigmented areas of the skin around the nipple (areola) or breast
- Redness or depression of breast skin, such as orange peel
Causes of breast cancer
Doctors apprehend that carcinoma develops once sure carcinoma cells begin to grow abnormally. These cells divide quicker than healthy cells and still accumulate to create clumps or clumps. Cells will unfold (metastasize) from the breast to liquid body substance nodes and different elements of the body.
Breast cancer usually begins with cells in the ducts of the duct (invasive ductal carcinoma in situ). Breast cancer can also come from glandular tissue called lobular (invasive lobular cancer) or other cells or tissues in the breast.
Researchers have identified hormones, lifestyles, and environmental factors that may increase the risk of breast cancer. However, it is not clear why people with risk factors do not get cancer, whereas those without risk factors get cancer. Breast cancer can be caused by complex interactions between genetic makeup and the environment.
Hereditary breast cancer
Doctors estimate that about 5% to 10% of breast cancers are associated with gene mutations that are passed down from generation to generation.
Many genetic mutations have been identified that increase the likelihood of breast cancer. The most famous are breast cancer gene 1 (BRCA1) and breast cancer gene 2 (BRCA2), both of which significantly increase the risk of breast and ovarian cancer.
If you have a family history of breast cancer or other cancers, your doctor can recommend a blood test to help identify specific mutations in BRCA and other genes that are passing through your family.
Consider asking your doctor to refer you to a genetic counselor who can check the health history of your family. Genetic counselors can also help discuss the benefits, risks, and limitations of genetic testing and make joint decisions.
Risk factors of breast cancer
Breast cancer risk factors are all factors that can cause breast cancer. However, having one or more risk factors for breast cancer does not necessarily mean that you will develop breast cancer. Many women with breast cancer have no known risk factors other than just being women.
Factors associated with increased risk of breast cancer include:
- Being woman. Women get more likely to develop breast cancer than men.
- Get old. With age, the risk of breast cancer increases.
- Personal history of breast condition. If a breast biopsy finds lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS) or atypical breast hyperplasia, the risk of breast cancer increases.
- Personal history of breast cancer. If you have breast cancer in one breast, you are at increased risk of breast cancer in the other breast.
- Family history of breast cancer. Your mother, sister, or daughter is at increased risk of breast cancer, especially if they are diagnosed with breast cancer at a young age. Nevertheless, most people diagnosed with breast cancer have no family history of breast cancer.
- Genetics will increase the danger of cancer. sure genetic mutations that increase the danger of carcinoma may be passed on from folks to their youngsters. the foremost noted factor mutations square measure referred to as BRCA1 and BRCA2. These genes will considerably increase the danger of breast and different cancers, however, they’re not inevitable.
- Radiation exposure. Radiation therapy to the chest as a child or younger increases the risk of breast cancer.
- obesity. Obesity increases the risk of breast cancer.
- Start menstruating from an early age. Starting your period before the age of 12 increases your risk of breast cancer.
- Menopause begins with menopause. If you start menopause after menopause, you are more likely to develop breast cancer.
- Having your first child at older age women who give birth to their first child after the age of 30 may be at increased risk of breast cancer.
- Having never been pregnant. Women who have never been pregnant are at increased risk of breast cancer than women who have been pregnant more than once.
- Postmenopausal hormone therapy. Women receiving hormone therapy with a combination of estrogen and progesterone for the signs and symptoms of menopause are at increased risk of breast cancer. When women stop taking these drugs, their risk of breast cancer decreases.
- Drinking alcohol. Drinking alcohol will increase the chance of carcinoma.
How to prevent breast cancer
Women at average risk have a lower risk of breast cancer
Changes in daily life may help reduce the risk of breast cancer. please try it:
- Ask the doctor about breast cancer screening. Discuss with your doctor when to start screening for breast cancer and tests such as clinical breast and mammograms.
Discuss the benefits and risks of screening with your doctor. Together you can decide which breast cancer screening strategy is right for you.
- Familiarize yourself with the breast through a breast self-examination to improve your breast knowledge. Women may occasionally choose to have their breasts examined during the breast self-examination process to understand and become familiar with the breasts. Talk to your doctor right away if you see any new changes, lumps, or other unusual signs on your breasts.
Breast recognition cannot prevent breast cancer, but it helps to better understand the normal changes that the breast experiences and identify abnormal signs and symptoms.
- Drink moderate alcohol (if any). If you choose to drink, limit the number of drinks you can drink to one or less per day.
- Resolve most of the week. Exercise for a minimum of a half-hour on most days. If you haven’t been workout recently, visit your doctor to envision if it’s okay and begin slowly. then you can prevent breast cancer symptoms.
- Limit biological time endocrine medical aid. A combination of endocrine medical aid might increase the chance of carcinoma. Discuss the advantages and risks of endocrine medical aid along with your doctor. so, you’ll forestall carcinoma symptoms.
Some women experience unpleasant signs and symptoms during menopause. For these women, it may be acceptable to increase their risk of breast cancer to relieve the signs and symptoms of menopause.
Use the lowest dose of hormone therapy in the shortest possible time to reduce the risk of breast cancer.
Maintain a healthy weight.
If your weight is healthy, keep it. If you need to lose weight, talk to your doctor about healthy strategies to achieve this goal. Reduce the calories you burn every day and gradually increase your physical activity.
- Choose a healthy diet. Women on a Mediterranean diet supplemented with extra virgin olive oil and mixed nuts may have a lower risk of breast cancer. The Mediterranean diet focuses on plant-based foods such as fruits and vegetables, whole grains, legumes, and nuts. People who follow a Mediterranean diet select healthy fats like vegetable oil over butter and fish over lean meat will forestall carcinoma symptoms.
- Reduce the chance of carcinoma in unsound ladies
If your doctor evaluates your family history and determines that other factors increase your risk of breast cancer, such as precancerous breast cancer, you can discuss options to reduce your risk.
- Prophylactic drug (chemical prevention). Drugs that block estrogens, such as selective estrogen receptor modulators and aromatase inhibitors, can prevent the risk of breast cancer in high-risk women with the disease.
Because of the risk of side effects with these drugs, doctors reserve them for women who are at very high risk for breast cancer. Discuss the benefits and risks with your doctor.
- Preventive surgery. Women at high risk for breast cancer can choose to have a healthy breast removed (prophylactic mastectomy). And also, a Healthy ovary can also be removed to reduce the risk of breast and ovarian cancer (preventive oophorectomy).