The Health Task Force recommends avoiding taking this supplements as it is useless and can be harmful.
The United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) does not recommend taking vitamins or supplements to prevent heart disease or cancer and warns that using supplements actually increases the risk of cancer or heart disease.
With respect to inadequate evidence, the USPSTF gives most supplements “I” in the prevention of cancer and cardiovascular disease. However, based on strong scientific data, the team does not recommend taking beta-carotene supplements.
“Evidence shows that vitamin E intake is not beneficial and beta-carotene is harmful because it increases the risk of lung cancer in people who are already at risk (such as smokers) and also increases the risk of dying from heart disease. It may be. Or Stroke. “, John Wong, MD, Tufts Medical Center said in a statement.
Scientists want more research
The latest review of 78 studies by the team shows that supplements do not have the potential to have a significant impact on cardiovascular health. Data on vitamin D supplementation and cancer mortality are inconsistent.
Researchers said further research is needed. “To understand if the effects of supplements such as vitamins, minerals, and multivitamin supplements on cardiovascular disease and cancer outcomes are heterogeneous in a particular population, or if there is heterogeneity in baseline nutritional levels. More evidence is needed, especially supplemented in populations without known defects. It has a low prevalence and is used in a variety of populations, ”the author of the study wrote.
Based on the latest evidence, the USPSTF does not recommend regular screening for vitamin D deficiency in asymptomatic adults. However, the organization recommends folic acid supplements for women who are planning or can become pregnant. (A lack of folic acid during pregnancy can cause severe malformations in the fetal spinal cord and brain, including spina bifida.)
Other recent studies have reached similar conclusions
The USPSTF statement is a meta-analysis conducted in 2019 when researchers at Johns Hopkins University evaluated a study of 450,000 people and determined that multivitamins did not reduce the risk of heart disease, cancer, or cognition. Created after. Death or premature death after a heart attack or stroke. Their advice: Don’t waste money on multivitamins. Get the vitamins and minerals you need from food.
“Tablets are not a shortcut to improving health and preventing chronic diseases,” said Dr. Larry Appel, director of the Johns Hopkins University Welch Center for Preventive Epidemiology and Clinical Research. Stronger Evidence to Prove Benefits-Eat a Healthy Eat, Maintain a Healthy Weight, and Reduce Saturated Fats, Trans Fats, Sodium, and Sugar in Foods.
However, these researchers also recommend that women of childbearing age take folic acid supplements. So be careful to ensure the health of you and others.