NASA's original Mars helicopter succeeded in its historic first flight

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

On Monday, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Insinuity Mars helicopter became the first-ever powered-controlled flight on another planet. An ingenious team at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Here is in Southern California from a helicopter at 6:46 am eastern time (3:46 am Pacific daylight time) via NASA’s Perseverance Mars rover. We received the data and confirmed the success of the flight.

NASA's original Mars helicopter succeeded in its historic first flight
NASA

“Ingenuity is the latest achievement of NASA’s long and long project. That achieving a space exploration goal that was once thought impossible,” said Steve Jurczyk, NASA’s administrator. “The X-15 is the Space Shuttle Pathfinder. The Mars Pathfinder and its” Sojourner” Rover did the same with the third-generation Mars Rover. I don’t know where ingenuity will lead us, but today’s results show that the sky (at least on Mars) may not be the limit. ”

The solar-powered helicopter flew from 3:34 EST (12:34 EST) to 12:33 local average solar time (Mars time). These are the optimum energy and flight conditions determined by the Ingenuity team. According to altimeter data. Ingenuity climbed to a maximum height of 10 feet (3 meters) and maintained stable hovering within 30 seconds. It then descended, recording a total of 39.1 seconds of flight. And after that, it landed on the surface of Mars again. More detailed information about the test will be released in a future downlink.

Ingenuity’s first flight demonstration

NASA's original Mars helicopter succeeded in its historic first flight

That was autonomous. The aerial guidance, navigation, and control system operating algorithms developed by the JPL team have been tested. It is not possible to manipulate “intelligence” through a joystick. Because it requires the use of orbiting satellites. And NASA’s Deep Space Network to send. After receiving data to and from “red planets” within hundreds of millions of miles. And observe its flight in real-time on Earth.

Thomas Zurbuchen, Deputy Director of Science at NASA. He has announced the name of the Martian airport where the flight will take place.

Zurbuchen said: “117 years after the Wright brothers made their first flight on Earth. NASA’s Ingenuity helicopter achieved this amazing performance in another world. It’s a feat.” “These two iconic aviation history Moments can be separated. With time and 173 million miles of space. they will be connected forever. In honor of Dayton’s two innovative bicycle makers. in the other world. Recognizing the innovation and spirit of innovation that continues to drive exploration. The first many airports, now also known as the Wright Brothers Field. ”

Håvard Grip, Chief Pilot of Ingenuity, announced that the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO). The United Nations Civil Aviation Organization, has provided NASA and FAA with the official ICAO logo IGY, callsign INGENUITY.

These details will be officially included in the

  • next edition of the ICAO publication,
  • Aircraft Operations,
  • Aviation Authorities,
  • and Service Designators.

The flight location is also designated by JZRO as the location of the Jezero Crater ceremony.

NASA's original Mars helicopter succeeded in its historic first flight

As part of NASA’s tech demonstration project. The 19.3-inch (49 cm) high Ingenuity Mars helicopter has a tissue box-sized fuselage without scientific equipment. Instead, this 4-pound (1.8 kg) rotorcraft is designed to prove whether aerial perspective can be included in future exploration of the “red planet.”

The first flight was full of unknowns. Likewise, Compared to Earth, the gravity of the red planet is much lower (only one-third that of Earth). And the pressure on the surface of the very thin atmosphere is only 1% of it. This means that Ingenuity’s two 4-foot-wide rotor blades can interact to achieve flight with relatively few air molecules. The helicopter contains unique components and off-the-shelf commercial components. Often from the smartphone industry, and was first tested in deep space for this mission.

NASA's original Mars helicopter succeeded in its historic first flight

“The Mars helicopter project has changed from a” blue sky “feasibility. That study to a feasible engineering concept, and has been achieved in another world for the first time in more than six years,” said JPL Director Michael Watkins. “Flight”. A historic first win that demonstrates innovation and tenacity at JPL, NASA’s Langley and Ames Research Center, and an industry partner team. This is a thriving technology at JPL. A brilliant example of propulsion is in line with NASA’s exploration targets. ”

During Ingenuity’s historic maiden flight, the “Perseverance” rover stopped at about 211 feet (64.3 meters) of Van Jill Overlook. A camera as well as acting as a relay station between the helicopter and the earth. .. Rover’s Mastcam-Z and Navcam Imager photos provide other data on a helicopter flight.

MiMi Aung, Project Manager at JPL’s Ingenuity Mars Helicopter. He said: Orville and Wilbur have suggestions for the next step. History shows that they are starting to work again-learn. Also as much as possible about their new aircraft-and, we do the same.

Perseverance touched on the ingenuity attached to the belly. That on February 18th and deployed on the surface of the Jezero Crater on April 3rd. Ingenuity is currently in the 16th Sol (Mars) window of the 30 Sol (31-day Earth) flight test. In the next three sol, the helicopter team will receive pieces of information. During this time period analyze all the data and images of the test and create a second experimental test plan scheduled for April 22nd. If the helicopter survives the second flight test. The Ingenuity team will consider how to optimally extend the flight profile.

Details about ingenuity

NASA's original Mars helicopter succeeded in its historic first flight

JPL, the founder of Ingenuity. He also manages NASA’s technology demonstration projects. It is supported by NASA’s science, aviation, and space technology mission agencies. The organization’s Ames Research Center in Silicon Valley, California, and the Langley Research Center in Hampton. Virginia provided important flight performance analysis and technical assistance during the development of Ingenuity.

Dave Lavery is the planning supervisor for Ingenuity Mars Helicopter, MiMi Aung is the project manager, and Bob Balaram is the chief engineer.

 

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